Federal Government
  • Importance of United States Congress

    Congress is the legislative branch of the U.S. government. The U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives work together to create federal laws and pass an annual budget. There are 100 Senators serving six year terms in the Senate and 435 Members serving two year terms in the House. Each state has two U.S. Senators who represent the entire state. In the House, Representatives are determined by population.
    Find your representative here:
    www.house.gov/representatives/find
    senate.gov/states

  • Passing Legislation

    Both the House and Senate have separate committees that are responsible for different policy areas. When a bill is being developed it is written within House and Senate committee(s). The bills are then brought to the full House and Senate for debate and amendment. Once each chamber has decided on their version of the bill, the bills are brought together in a “conference” committee, where differences are worked out behind closed doors. That’s why it’s important to make your voice heard early and often.